The psychological birth of the human infant occurs during the first three years of life. During these years the core of the child's personality is formed.
The work of Dr. Margaret Mahler used psychoanalytic concepts as a frame of reference and shed light on the steps by which the infant gradually gains a sense of separateness from the mother. She conceptualized her findings in terms of the separation-individuation process.
In this video viewers will be able to see examples of regularly occurring phenomena that characterize the child's journey through the four sub-phases of the process:
In the 10-minute update Dr. Pine presents a strong response to a critique of the symbiosis concept and then briefly summarizes the separation-individuation process.
Available As: DVD
Produced By: Margaret S. Mahler Psychiatric Research Foundation
Total Running Time: 48 minutes